Dating new testament events
Scholars recognise three "sections" in the Book of Isaiah: Proto-Isaiah (the original 8th century Isaiah); Deutero-Isaiah (an anonymous prophet living in Babylon during the exile); and Trito-Isaiah (an anonymous author or authors in Jerusalem immediately after the exile).
When the New Testament was written is a significant issue, as one assembles the overall argument for Christianity.
Although some scholars disagree, the vast majority of researchers believe that Mark was the first Gospel to be written, sometime around the year 70.
This scholarly consensus holds that the Gospel of Matthew and the Gospel of Luke were composed, independently of one another, sometime in the 80s or 90s.
We must understand as much as we can about the authors of the New Testament and when they wrote it.
The authors must have clear links to the eyewitnesses (or be eyewitnesses) to reduce the possibility of communication mistakes.
We will learn that even in the most pessimistic, but rational, reading of the data, we come to the understanding that the authors of the New Testament are close enough to the events to be able to give an accurate picture of historical events.
Before we can talk about what the New Testament says, we have to justify that what it says can be trusted.
Confidence in the historical accuracy of these documents depends partly on whether they were written by eyewitnesses and contemporaries to the events described, as the Bible claims.
Negative critical scholars strengthen their own views as they separate the actual events from the writings by as much time as possible.
Most researchers place the date of Jesus’ death at Passover time around the year 30.
The earliest New Testament books, the letters written by Paul, were composed in the decade of the 50s.
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For this reason radical scholars argue for late first century, and if possible second century, dates for the autographs [original manuscripts].